Hemp Cloning 101 – Cuttings, Germination Times and Substrates

Cloning is a timeless and effective multiplication strategy among horticulturalists. Whether you are a novice or veteran cultivator with years of experience behind your back, cloning delivers incredible results for a relatively small amount of time. In a world where time is equated to money, cloning certainly makes all the difference in farming.

As a hemp grower, in particular, cloning is a fantastic way to jump-start your cultivation. It can save you weeks of the growth process compared to traditional growing from the seed. It can also save you huge bucks on seeds, accelerate your hemp growing process, and simply extend the longevity of your hemp plants.

What is cloning, exactly?

Simply put, cloning is the process of taking a stem (or tap root) cutting from a mother plant, letting it grow roots and later replanting it. Ultimately, the resulting plant will be an exact replica of the mother plant albeit with its own root system. The idea is to produce more healthy hemp plants within the shortest amount of time.

Cloning cannabis is both affordable and fast. Many hemp growers faithfully clone their plants to offer a level of predictability on their cultivation times. By doing cloning, they can tell when the clone will develop, what factors will have a direct impact on it, and how to offer better care. This kind of knowledge and prediction is huge in cannabis farming.

The Process at a Glance

Step 1: The Cuttings

Hemp cloning begins right from the selection of the mother plant. This is perhaps the most important part of the process since it is what determines the outcome of the undertaking. You want to choose healthy, strong, and dependable plants to pass the qualities to the IHF LLC hemp clones. Ideally, you should pick plants that are around two months into their cycle or at the very least three weeks old. This way, your plants get a better chance at survival. You can choose a mother plant from your garden, purchase a variety from a trusted, or plant one from the seeds.

Once you’ve identified your preferred mother plant, use a sharp blade (preferably sterilized) to cut your stem. Using a 45-degree angle, cut through a lower stem of your mother plant to increase the surface area for taking nutrients. Dip your select cuttings immediately in water to avoid the formation of air bubbles then proceed to clip fan leaves and any unnecessary leaves to enhance better photosynthesis.

Step 2: Germination

The next step is the rooting/germination phase. This takes about 10-14 days. After the first step, apply a rooting hormone—liquid, powder, or gel—on your cuttings then place them in your preferred growth medium. The common ones include rock wool, water, and potting mix. If possible, cover your plants in a cloner for enhanced protection. Before transplanting your clones, ensure they are a minimum of a ½ inch in length. If you can wait until they are 1 inch, the better. Long roots are less likely to damage during the transplanting process.

Step 3: Transplanting

The final step is the transplanting process which takes place at the end of the rooting period. Select the healthiest clones with sturdy roots and transplant them into a separate area. Most hemp farmers use pots containing coco fiber to give the clones enough room to grow uninterrupted.

How to keep the substrate healthy and dry

  • The substrate needs to stay dry during step 1 and 2. Avoid the temptation to spray your rooting medium on top of the clone leaves. Doing this will wet the substrate and make the rooting process longer than anticipated. The best method is to spray the bottom of the leaves.
  • Additionally, open the lid of the propagator once a day to keep the substrate dry.
  • Finally, don’t water the substrate before the transplanting step for the same reason.

Cannabis cloning is the most effective way to reproduce marijuana. Why start from the seeds when you can cut the cultivation time and achieve the same results in the end? That said, hemp cloning is not an easy undertaking. You need to exercise extreme caution during the entire process lest you end up with fragile clones or none at all.

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